Our holiday is over and it was not a dream one, as I often fantasized it would be. My son took a virosis from the sea, which was much worse than what I thought: diarrhea, vomiting, fever, all this leading to a bad dehydration. We quickly went to the doctor, who explained to us that our son needs a rehydration.
Symptoms of Dehydration in Adults and Children Include
- dark yellow and strong smelling pee
- feeling dizzy or lightheaded
- feeling tired
- dry mouth, lips and eyes
- peeing little and less than 4 times a day
- eyes that look sunken
- drowsiness or dizziness
- in babies, the soft spot (fontanelle) on top of the head looks sunken
- one clue to dehydration is a rapid drop in weight, a loss of over 10% is severe
Take Your Baby or Child to the GP Urgently or Go to ER if They:
- seem drowsy
- breathe fast
- produce few or no tears when they cry
- present a soft spot on their head that sinks inwards (sunken fontanelle)
- have a dry mouth
- eliminate dark yellow pee
- their hands and feet feel cold and blotchy
Best Children Rehydration Methods
Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Gastrointestinal tract diseases that cause vomiting or diarrhea may lead to dehydration.
Rehydration: The process of restoring lost water to the body tissues and fluids. Prompt rehydration is imperative whenever dehydration occurs, from exposure diarrhea, lack of drinking water or medication use. Rebalancing the body in this situation can be accomplished by the orally or by the intravenous administration of fluids.
The Oral Rehydration Route
Because I don’t like needles, with medical advice, I have chosen the oral route rehydration.
Dehydration due to diarrhea is a major cause of morbidity (disease) and mortality (death) in children. The young child has a more rapid turnover of body fluids than an adult. In rehydrating a child, there is less margin for error than for an adult. The younger the child, the more careful the rehydration must be.
Cases that demand particular attention to detail are those in which organ function (especially skin, heart, brain, or kidney) is critically compromised. Overhydration can be as serious as severe dehydration in children! Therefore, medical supervision is recommended when attempting rehydration.
Oral fluid therapy is effective, safe, convenient and inexpensive compared with IV therapy. This therapy is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the World Health Organization. It should be used for children with mild to moderate dehydration who are accept fluids orally unless prohibited by copious vomiting or underlying disorders.
Oral Rehydration Solutions for Children
- The best way to treat dehydration is to prevent it from occurring.
- Kids who are mildly dehydrated from lots of activity will probably be thirsty and should drink as much as they want. Plain water is the best option.They should rest in a cool, shaded spot until the lost fluid has been replaced.
- Kids with mild to moderate dehydration due to diarrhea from an illness (like gastroenteritis) should have their lost fluids replaced. This is known as rehydration. It’s done with the help of a special liquid called an oral rehydration solution (ORS) over the course of 3 to 4 hours. ORS is available in many grocery stores and drugstores without a prescription. It has the right combination of sugar and salts that dehydrated kids need. Start the rehydration process by giving your child 1 or 2 teaspoons (5 or 10 milliliters) of an ORS every few minutes. You can use a spoon or an oral syringe. This may not seem like enough fluids to rehydrate your child, but these small amounts can add up to more than a cup (237 milliliters) an hour. If your child does well, you can gradually give bigger sips a little less often.
- Even kids who are vomiting can usually be rehydrated this way because the small frequent sips get absorbed in between the vomiting episodes
Feeding a Dehydrated Child
- Continue nursing a breastfed infant, even during rehydration, unless repeated vomiting appears. Give the ORS in between feedings. Stop giving formula to a formula-fed baby during rehydration, and restart as soon as your baby can keep fluids down and does not show signs of dehydration
- Do not give a dehydrated child water, soda, ginger ale, ice cream, fruit juice, gelatin desserts or chicken broth. These don’t have the right mix of sugar and salts and can make diarrhea worse. Sports drinks can be administrated to dehydrated, older kids, but the oral rehydration solution is the best for young children and infants.
- Remove milk and any dairy product from your baby’s diet. You can find at the pharmacy lactose-free formula.
- You can soothe your baby’s hunger with chicken and carrot clear soup
- Some dehydrated kids do not respond as well when given an ORS, especially if they have explosive diarrhea (very frequent BMs that are forceful and very loud) or vomit often. When you can’t replace the lost fluid for these or other reasons, a child needs to get intravenous (IV) fluids in the hospital
If you treat your child for dehydration at home and feel that there’s no improvement or that the dehydration gets worse, call your doctor right away or take your child to the nearest ER.